Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes often leads to high blood glucose (sugar) levels. It can cause symptoms like frequent urination, excessive thirst, and tiredness and increase the risk of developing heart problems. The condition often lasts lifelong and has a significant impact on daily life. People with type 2 diabetes must follow certain medications, have regular check-ups, and have a proper diet.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms
People often don’t realize they have type 2 diabetes since the symptoms won’t necessarily make you feel unwell. Some symptoms include:
- Urinating more than usual, specifically at nights
- Often feeling thirsty (dehydration)
- Abrupt or unintentional weight loss
- Itching or rashes
- Wounds or cuts take longer to heal
- Blurred vision
You are at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you:
- Are over 40
- Have close relatives with the same condition
- Overweight or obese
- Are an African-Caribbean, black African, or Asian
Type 2 diabetes health complications
The following are some health complications that people with type 2 diabetes should look out for:
- Heart disease
- Foot infections and sore
- Vision loss or blindness
- Miscarriage or stillbirth
- Kidney problems
- Sexual issues
Managing your blood glucose levels and regular diabetes check-ups are the best ways to lower the risks of complications.
Pregnancies and diabetes
Consult your doctor or care team if you plan to have a baby. You can have a normal, safe pregnancy even if you have type 2 diabetes, but you probably need additional check-ups during pregnancy. If you are trying to get pregnant, you should check your HbA1c levels monthly to help control your blood glucose levels.
Consult a doctor
- If you have any type 2 diabetes symptoms
- If you worry that you might have a higher risk of developing the condition
An early diagnosis of diabetes and treatments can significantly reduce the risks of developing other health problems.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022