Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a tick bite-spreading infection often spread in parts of Europe, Asia, and some of the UK.
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) risks
The risks of developing TBE are very low. Ticks that spread TBE live in grassy and forest areas, so hikers and campers are more likely to get TBE. But not all tick bites can lead to TBE; if you are bitten, the risk of getting severely ill is shallow.
Consider the TBE vaccine if you are visiting a country where the infection is more common and if you are planning more outdoor activities. Two vaccine injections can protect you for a year, and the third can cover you for over three years. Get your first injection at least one month prior to travelling.
How to avoid ticks?
Always make sure you avoid getting bites from ticks
- Cover your skin completely
- Use insect repellent on both your clothes and skin
- Wear clothes that are light colors
How to remove tick bites?
- Use a tick removal tool
- Grasp the tick as close as to your skin
- Slowly pull it upward
- Do not squeeze or crush the tick while removing
- Dispose of it immediately
- Clean the bite with antiseptic or water and soap
Tick bite or TBE emergency
Call for immediate help if you are going through the following:
- Flu-like symptoms
- Circular red rash
- Stiff neck or a severe headache
- Seizure (fit)
- Difficulty in looking at lights
- Change in behavior or sudden confusion
- Loss of movements or developing weakness
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 23 JUNE 2022