Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovaries contain many harmless follicles up to 8mm in size. The follicles are underdeveloped sacs that help eggs to develop.
During PCOS, these sacs often cannot release eggs, leading to a lack of ovulation. There is no detailed survey on how many women have PCOS, but India ranges from 3.7% to 22.5%, depending on the population.
Polycystic ovary syndrome symptoms
- Irregular periods or no periods at all
- Difficulty getting pregnant
- Hirsutism (excessive hair growth on the face, check, and back)
- Weight gain
- Hair loss or hair thinning
- Acne or oily skin
PCOS can also increase the risk factors of developing health problems, like type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels
Polycystic ovary syndrome causes
The cause of PCOS is unknown, but it usually runs in genetics.
It’s connected with abnormal body hormone levels, including high insulin levels. Insulin helps to control body sugar levels. When women undergo PCOS, their bodies will produce higher insulin levels to overcome; this contributes to increased activity and production of hormones such as testosterone.
Being obese or overweight can also increase your body’s insulin production.
Polycystic ovary syndrome treatments
There is no particular medicine or cure for PCOS, but the symptoms are treatable. Consult a doctor if you think you might have the condition.
If you are overweight and have PCOS, maintaining a healthy BMI with a balanced diet can improve some symptoms.
There are medications to treat symptoms like excessive hair growth, fertility problems, and irregular periods. If fertility medications are ineffective, the doctor might recommend laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD), a simple surgical procedure.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022