Menopause is when your menstruation stops due to fewer hormone levels, which happens between the ages of 45 and 55. It can happen earlier due to the removal of ovaries or the uterus, some cancer treatments, or genetic reasons. Sometimes the reason behind early menopause is unknown.
Perimenopause is when you have specific symptoms before your menstruation stops. Complete menopause is when you have not had your menstruation for over 12 months. Both menopause and perimenopause can lead to symptoms like mood swings, anxiety, hot flashes, brain fog, and irregular periods. The symptoms start years before menopause and continue afterward; they can significantly impact your life. Some medicines help to replace the missing hormones to relieve your symptoms.
Menopause and perimenopause symptoms
- Changes in the mood like anxiety, mood swings, low self-esteem, and low mood
- Problems with concentration or memory.
- Difficulty sleeping
- Night sweats
- Heartbeats suddenly become more apparent or noticeable
- Worse headaches and migraines
- Joint and muscles ache
- Change in body shape or weight gain
- Less sex drive
- Vaginal dryness, itching, pain, or discomfort during sex
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Menopause symptoms can last for months or years and change with time. As night sweats and hot flashes improve, you may develop low mood and anxiety. Vaginal dryness and joint pain can continue after menopause.
Things that will help during menopause
- Follow regular sleep routines, and get plenty of rest
- Follow healthy diet
- Consume calcium-rich food—milk, kale, and yogurt
- Do regular exercise
- Have a relaxation routine like yoga or meditation
- Consult a doctor for herbal supplements or medicines
- Avoid alcohol abuse
- Do not smoke
- Wear light clothing
- Keep your bedroom cool during the nights
- Take cold showers
- Avoid potential triggers like spicy food or caffeine
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 23 JUNE 2022