Memory loss (amnesia)
The loss of memories, including facts, knowledge, and experiences, is called amnesia.
Amnesia is the loss of memories, including details, knowledge, and experiences. Damage to brain regions essential for processing memories can result in amnesia. Amnesia can last a lifetime, unlike a brief bout of memory loss (transient global amnesia).
Amnesia has no known cure, although approaches for improving memory and psychological support can help sufferers and their families manage.
Causes for amnesia
Memory loss may be a natural part of aging.
Sometimes it may be brought on by an ordinary and treatable condition like:
- Sadness or anxiety under stress
- Sleeping issues (insomnia)
- Inadequate brain oxygenation
- Degenerative brain conditions, including dementia and different types of Alzheimer’s disease
Never try to determine the reason for your memory loss on your own; instead, always visit a doctor.
When to seek a doctor?
Any person who suffers from unexplained memory loss, a head injury, confusion, or disorientation must immediately see a doctor. Daily life is affected by memory issues. Amnesia may prevent a person from remembering where they are or having the foresight to seek help.
Even though it’s unlikely to be anything severe, it’s essential to check it out because any necessary therapy could be more effective if it’s started early.
Complications and risk factors of amnesia
Even minor forgetfulness has an impact on everyday activities and quality of life. Amnesia can lead to issues in the workplace, in the classroom, and social contexts.
There’s a chance that people may not be able to restore their lost memory. Some persons with severe memory issues require long-term care or living in a monitored environment.
If you’ve had any of the following, your risk of having amnesia may be higher:
- Trauma to the head, brain surgery, or both
- Abuse of alcohol
Preventions for amnesia
It’s crucial to take precautions to lessen your risk of suffering a brain injury since damage to the brain can be the underlying cause of forgetfulness.
- Don’t drink too much when riding, always wear a helmet, and when driving, always buckle up.
- Anybody who develops the infection should be treated early to prevent it from spreading to the brain.
- If you experience any signs of a stroke or brain aneurysms, such as an intense headache, one-sided numbness, or paralysis, seek emergency medical attention.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022