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Long-sightedness

The capacity to see items close up is affected by long-sightedness. Closer objects are typically out of focus, yet you may be able to view distant ones.

Although it can affect anyone, including infants and children, it frequently affects individuals over 40.

Hyperopia, also known as hypermetropia, is the medical term for long-sightedness.

Signs of long-sightedness

People with long-sightedness may have several effects.

Some people struggle to focus on close objects, while others may find it difficult to see well, no matter how far away.

If you have a long vision, you could:

  • See that the distant items are apparent, whereas nearby objects appear fuzzy and out of focus
  • Have to squint to see clearly
  • Have eyes that are weary or strained from focusing on adjacent things after reading, writing, or computer work
  • Suffer from headaches

Long-sighted kids frequently do not initially have any noticeable vision problems. However, it can cause issues like a squint or lazy eye if left untreated.

Signs of long-sightedness

Eye examination

Go for an appointment for an eye exam with an optician if you suspect that you or your child may be long-sighted. Locate an eye doctor nearby.

The suggestion is to get your eyes checked every two years; if you’re worried about your eyesight, you can schedule an eye exam whenever you’d like.

An eye exam can determine whether you are long- or short-sighted, and you may receive a suggestion for glasses or contact lenses to correct your vision.

Causes for long-sightedness

Long-sightedness occurs when the retina, the light-sensitive layer at the rear of the eye, is not adequately focused by the eye.

The reason could be due to:

  • The eye is too small.
  • The cornea is overly flat
  • The internal eye lens is unable to focus correctly.

Although the exact etiology of these issues is frequently unknown, they seldom indicate any underlying disease.

Long-sightedness can occasionally result from genes you got from your parents or aging eye lenses that become stiffer and less able to focus.

Treating long-sightedness

Treatment for long-sightedness in children and young adults may not be necessary because their eyes can often adjust to the condition and may not substantially impact their vision.

Older folks, especially those over 40, typically need treatment because as you age, your eyes become less able to adapt.

There are numerous methods for addressing long-sightedness.

The primary therapies are:

  • Prescription glasses 
  • Contact lenses
  • Laser eye surgery 

The safest and most straightforward method of treatment is glasses. Young children shouldn’t often use contact lenses or laser eye surgery since they carry a small risk of problems.

Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022