Hives, another name urticaria, is a skin condition that causes itchy, raised welts. They sting or hurt and are typically red or flesh-colored. In most cases, the causes of hives are an allergic reaction to a specific medication or food.
In typical cases, hives are an acute (temporary) problem that alleviates with allergy medications. Most rashes go away on their own. However, more significant medical concerns are chronic (ongoing) cases and hives accompanied by a severe allergic reaction.
The welts on the skin are the hives’ most apparent sign. Welts might be the same color as your skin, or they can be red. They might be big, randomly formed, circular, or ring-shaped. Hives are scratchy and frequently come in the group; they can spread, enlarge, and change shape.
Throughout the outbreak, hives could go away or come back. If squeezed, hives may turn white. The hives may take on a new form or shape to form a more extensive, higher space.
When to seek a medical help
Consult a doctor if;
- You develop hives, and the symptoms do not subside in two days
- You have Spreading rashes
- You might be allergic to something if your packs keep returning
- You generally feel sick and have a high temperature
- You also have an epidermis swelling which could be angioedema
- You experience chest or throat tightness
- You face shortness of breath or struggle to speak
- Your tongue, throat, face, mouth, or lips swell
Doctor’s treatment for hives
A doctor might advise steroid medications, antihistamines, or menthol cream.
Your doctor could recommend a skin expert if your hives are not going away after treatment (dermatologist).
Having hives is sometimes unavoidable.
You get hives when anything releases histamine and other chemicals into your skin. This chemical is a trigger, according to the terminology.
Possible triggers include:
- Consuming particular foods
- Exposure to specific plants, animals, chemicals, and latex
- Cold things, like wind or water
- Sweaty skin brought on by emotional tension, exercise, or eating spicy food
- A response to a particular medication, insect sting, or bite
- Wearing irritating or tight clothing can cause you to scratch or press on your skin leading to infection
- You have an immune system problem
- Sunlight or water, however, is uncommon
To prevent those triggers from causing hives in you, try to identify what causes them; this could help shield you from experiencing hives.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 04 October 2022