Head injury and concussion
A head injury and concussion is severe brain damage that affects your ability to think clearly. The effects, typically temporary, can include headaches and focus, memory, balance, and coordination issues.
A hit to the head frequently results in concussions.
Head injury and concussion Symptoms
Concussion symptoms and indications can be subtle and may not appear right away. The duration of symptoms can be days, weeks, or even longer.
Physical concussion symptoms and indicators include:
- An earache that ringers
- Fatigue or somnolence
- Hazy vision
The concussed person may exhibit these symptoms and indicators, which an observer may notice:
- Brief unconsciousness (but it doesn’t usually happen)
- Unsteady speech
- Delayed reply to inquiries
- Hazy outlook
- Forgetting things, like asking the same question repeatedly
When to seek a doctor?
If an adult or kid has a brain injury and exhibits the following signs and symptoms:
- Repeated nausea or vomiting
- An extended period of unconsciousness (more than 30 seconds)
- A recurring headache that grows worse
- Drainage of blood or liquid from the ears or nose
- Abnormalities of the eyes or vision, such as dilated pupils or unevenly sized or sized pupils
- An ear ringing that won’t go away
- The legs or arms weakened
- Being extremely pale for more than an hour
- Disorientation or confusion, such as trouble recognizing persons or places
- Slurred speech or other vocal alterations
Head injury and concussion causes and risk factors
Your brain may forcibly move back and forth against the inner walls of your skull due to a severe blow to the head, neck, or upper body.
Brain damage can also result from sudden head acceleration or deceleration brought on by incidents like automobile crashes or severely shaken.
Concussion-like signs and symptoms are brought on by these brain injuries, which typically have a short-term impact on brain function.
The following variables and activities may increase the risk of a concussion:
- Falling, especially among older people and small children
- Taking part in high-risk activities without the necessary safety gear and supervision
- Being a party to a collision involving a vehicle
- Participating in combat
- Having experienced a concussion
Head injury and concussion prevention
- Using safety equipment when participating in sports and other leisure activities
- Put your seatbelt on
- Safeguarding your kids. Install window guards and block-off stairways to help reduce your kids’ risk of head injuries
- Doing regular exercise. Regular exercise will help you balance better and strengthen your leg muscle
- Educating people about head injuries
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022