Signs of frontotemporal dementia can include:
Personality and behavior changes
- Acting inappropriately or impulsively,
- Appearing selfish or unsympathetic,
- Neglecting personal hygiene,
- Overeating or loss of motivation
- Speaking slowly
- Struggling with proper pronunciation of words
- Getting words in the wrong order (irregular sentence pattern) or using words incorrectly
Problems with mental abilities
- Getting distracted easily,
- Struggling with planning and organization
Problems with memory tend to happen later on, as Alzheimer’s disease.
A clump of abnormal protein forming inside the brain cells causes frontotemporal dementia. It is thought to injure the cells and stop them from working properly; what causes this is unknown—the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain shrink, accumulating certain substances in the brain. But specific genetic mutations are linked to frontotemporal dementia (in sporadic cases).
Test and treatments
No single test for frontotemporal dementia.
- Assessing the symptoms
- Assessing the mental stability
- Blood tests
- Brain scans – CT scan, MRI scan, or PT scan
- Lumbar puncture
Currently, there’s no cure for frontotemporal dementia. But certain medications help control some symptoms, possibly for several years.
- Medicines – to control behavioral problems
- Therapies – physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy
- Dementia activities
- Support groups – offer tips on handling signs from experts and people living with frontotemporal dementia
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD
Page last reviewed: 04 October 2022