Eye injuries are bruises, punctures, and scratches to the eye. They might happen due to mishaps, chemical exposure, or eyeing foreign items.
Immediately consult an ophthalmologist if you have an eye injury. With rest and home remedies, you can treat several eye ailments.
Common eye injuries
There are many degrees of eye damage.
Some most typical:
- Black eye: A black look results from trauma to the eye or the tissue surrounding the eye. It hurts, is bloated, and has bruises around the eye
- Bleeding in the eye: An eye surface bleeding can be caused by trauma to the eye or by coughing too hard
- Burns and irritation: Irritating substances like chemicals, fumes, and other irritants can burn or harm the eyes, impairing vision
- Corneal abrasion: The cornea gets damaged by foreign objects, fingernails, contact lenses, and other objects. Corneal abrasions hurt, make you sensitive to light, and make your eyes wet
- Fractures of the orbit (eye socket): result from trauma or blunt force to the bones surrounding the eye.
Symptoms of eye injuries
The type of injury affects the symptoms differently. They could start slowly and then develop over time.
- Eye damage warning signs include:
Your eye may pain and bulge, mainly when you try to open, close, or move it. The look could be touch-sensitive
- Any area of the eye may show signs of redness or bruising
- You might notice flashes of light or floaty black spots in your vision
- Eye movement issues, you could find it challenging to move your eyes.
- Eye appearance changes; One eye may appear crossed. The size of the pupils may vary, or they may be particularly large or small.
- Bleeding, you can notice tiny red or black spots in your eye, or the white part of your eye may appear bright red.
Prevention and treatments for eye injuries
Therapy options for mild eye injuries include:
- Ice compresses: Ice packs alleviate pain and swelling
- Eye flushing: For around 15 minutes, rinse your eyes with clean water to remove any irritants or pollutants
- Eyedrops: To aid in the healing of your eye, your doctor may advise using eye drops
- Eye patch: You can rest your eye while it heals by wearing an eye patch
You can avoid most eye injuries by being prepared and wearing the appropriate safety gear.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022