A fertilized egg is an ectopic pregnancy when placed outside the womb, generally in one of the fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes join the ovaries to the womb. If an egg gets lodged in them, it won’t grow into a baby, and health could be at risk if the pregnancy continues.
Unfortunately, the patient cannot save the pregnancy. Typically, it needs clearance through medication or surgery.
Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy
Initially, you might not experience any symptoms. A missing period, breast soreness, and nausea are typical early pregnancy signs and symptoms for some women who suffer ectopic pregnancies.
Alarming signs that you should take notice
Pelvic pain and light vaginal bleeding are frequently the initial symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy.
Shoulder aches or the urge to urinate often are possible symptoms of fallopian tube bleeding. Your particular symptoms depend on which nerves stimulate and where the blood gathers.
When to concern the doctor?
If you experience any of the warning signs, such as:
- Severe pelvic or abdominal discomfort coupled with vaginal bleeding
- Excessive dizziness or fainting
- Shoulders hurt
Causes for ectopic pregnancy
The ectopic pregnancy, known as a tubal pregnancy, occurs when a fertilized egg becomes impaled on its journey to the uterus. This condition commonly occurs when the fallopian tube is inflamed or malformed, which can cause damage to the line. Other potential contributing factors include hormonal imbalances or improper fetus development.
Complications and prevention for ectopic pregnancy
The fallopian tube may become detached entirely due to an ectopic pregnancy. The ruptured fallopian line may cause fatal bleeding if left untreated.
Although there is no way to stop an ectopic pregnancy
Certain things you can do to lessen your risk:
- Practicing a condom during sex and limiting the number of sexual partners helps prevent sexually transmitted diseases and may lower the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Avoid smoking. If doing, stop before attempting to conceive.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022