High Blood Pressure: Symptoms, Causes & Control Measures

High Blood Pressure: Symptoms, Causes & Control Measures

High Blood Pressure: Symptoms, Causes & Control Measures

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Understanding High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, or Hypertension, indicates by elevated and persistent arterial pressure. It prevails when the force of blood against the arterial walls is consistently too high. Your heart uses a force to pump blood around your body: bloodred as Blood pressure.

Two numbers represent blood pressure in millimetres of mercury (mmHg):

  •  Systolic pressure: The force the heart exerts as it pumps blood out.

  •  Diastolic pressure: The pressure experienced while your heart is at rest   in between beats.

On a broad scale:

The guided range for blood pressure is 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg. Low blood pressure is less than 90/60mmHg, and high blood pressure is 140/90mmHg or more.

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Check your Blood Pressure 


Your doctor will perform a physical examination to diagnose high blood pressure and inquire about your medical history and any relevant symptoms. They will utilise a stethoscope to listen to your heart.

Your blood pressure is measured using a cuff, typically placed around your arm. The cuff must fit correctly, as incorrect sizing can lead to variations in blood pressure readings. The cuff is inflated either by a small hand pump or a machine.

During the initial assessment, measuring blood pressure in both arms is recommended to determine if there is a disparity. Subsequently, the Physicion will use the higher reading for further measurements.

Getting your blood pressure checked regularly is the only way to determine whether you have high blood pressure. Every adult over 40 is encouraged to undergo a blood pressure diagnosis at least every three years. 

Three stages of Hypertension:

  • Stage 1 hypertension: Blood pressure ranging from 130-139/80-89 mmHg.

  • Stage 2 hypertension: Blood pressure equal to or above 140/90 mmHg.

  • Hypertensive crisis: Blood pressure exceeding 180/120 mmHg denotes a severe condition requiring immediate medical attention. 
Methods to Improve

Symptoms you might need attention too.

Referred as a “silent killer”, high blood pressure frequently develops gradually due to the lack of distinctive symptoms. It may go unrecognised since it has no outward signs and can harm critical organs like the arteries.

Even when blood pressure measurements are incredibly high, most Individuals with high blood pressure will not exhibit any symptoms. Without showing any signs, high blood pressure can exist for years.

A few high blood pressure sufferers might have:

  • Headaches
  • breathing difficulty
  • Nosebleeds

These symptoms are general, though. They usually don’t show up until high blood pressure has become severe or life-threatening.

Risks of having a Hypertension

Uncontrolled Hypertension causes significant health problems such as;

  • Cardiovascular conditions: High blood pressure can strain the heart, elevating the risk of a heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and other cardiovascular issues.

  • Chronic kidney disease: Occurs due to damaged blood arteries in the kidneys, which would compromise the ability to function.

  • Eye problems: High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, resulting in vision issues or possibly blindness.

  • Aneurysms: Long-term high blood pressure can damage blood vessel walls, raising the risk of aneurysm development, a potentially fatal disease.

Find Out what may be the cause of your Hypertension.

Most of the time, it is unclear what causes explicitly high blood pressure.

Unhealthy lifestyle choices like excessive alcohol consumption, being a chain smoker, missing your daily exercises and being overweight are the leading causes of high blood pressure. However, several factors might raise your risk.

Things that make you more at risk:

  • Being Overweight
  • Overeat salt and do not intake enough fruit and vegetables
  • Lacking the needed exercises
  • Consuming excess alcohol or caffeine-based drinks
  • Excessive Smoking
  • Undergoing stress

Certain medical conditions contribute to the development of high blood pressure. 

Be aware that you are at risk if you are undergoing;

  • Kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal disorders like, underactive thyroid, an overactive thyroidCushing’s syndrome or hyperthyroidism
  • Sleep apnea
  • Lupus

It’s crucial to remember that high blood pressure frequently results from a combination of variables acting together. 

Make Hypertension under control. 

High blood pressure is a common, preventable risk factor for heart disease. Regular lifestyle adjustments and, in some situations, doctor-prescribed medication are frequently necessary to manage high blood pressure. A nutritious diet that is low in salt and rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grains is one example of a lifestyle adjustment. Others include regular exercise, managing stress, limiting alcohol consumption, quitting smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight. Doctors may prescribe medications to regulate blood pressure and lower the risk of problems.

Role of proper diet

A healthy diet is beneficial in the first line of defence against high blood pressure. When blood pressure rises into a dangerous range, it is a great first line of defence and works well with prescription drugs. Adopting a balanced and nutritious is essential when managing Hypertension. 

Include these beneficial food options in your diet:

  • Bananas 
  • Yoghurt
  • Salmon and other fatty fishes 
  • Citrus fruits
  • Beet
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Berries
  • Dark Chocolates

High blood pressure is a common, preventable risk factor for heart disease. Suppose treated best through proper medication, regular exercise, a healthy diet, and healthy lifestyle behaviours.

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