Gout is one type of arthritis it can affect anyone. It causes sudden, intense attacks of pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in joints.
Symptoms of gout
Gout always comes on suddenly and frequently does so at night.
They consist of:
- A considerable joint pain. Between the first four to twelve hours, the pain is likely to be at its worst
- Persistent discomfort. A little joint discomfort may persist for a few days to a few weeks after the most intense pain has subsided
- Redness and inflammation. Affected joints develop swelling, tenderness, warmth, and redness
- Restricted range of motion
When to consult a doctor?
Request an immediate doctor appointment if:
- The discomfort is intensifying
- Your body temperature is high
- You experience nausea or are unable to eat
Reasons for gout
In some instances, gout runs in families.
Men are more likely to experience it, particularly as they age.
You might be more susceptible to developing gout if you:
- Weigh too much
- Consuming alcohol
- Have experienced menopause
- Medications for high blood pressure or diuretics
- Have high cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Kidney problems
Complications to concern
- It’s uncommon to experience frequent outbreaks of chronic gout, but if you do, your joint may be damaged.
- Small, white bumps under the skin, known as tophi, typically on the elbows, fingers, or ears, can also develop in people with chronic gout
- Urate crystals develop under your skin at this location. They might cause pain
- If uric acid levels are excessive, you risk developing kidney stones; therefore, you should have medication
- Attempt a weight loss strategy to reach a healthy weight by avoiding crash diets
- Consume a nutritious, balanced diet; your doctor may provide you with a list of foods to include or avoid.
- Practice a week without drinking alcohol
- Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration
- Exercise frequently, but refrain from intense activity or exerting excessive pressure on joints
- Quit smoking
- Discuss vitamin C pills with your doctor
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022