Fallen arches or flat feet are typical and nothing to worry about. They are where your feet press the flat surface. To check for flat feet, see the inner sides of your feet while standing.
Flat feet causes
There are no particular causes for flat feet; it might just be your feet’s way. Sometimes, flat feet run in genes. In rare scenarios, they are caused by:
- Feet bones not adequately grown in the womb
- Stretching of tissues in the feet
- Muscle conditions like spina bifida or cerebral palsy
Consult a doctor for flat feet if:
- Your feet are stiff, weak, numb, or painful
- You often come across ankle or feet injuries
- You face problems if walking or balancing
- No signs of flat feet before
- You have flat feet just in a foot
These issues mean you may need treatment.
Flat feet treatment
When flat feet start causing problems, you need to consult a doctor who may refer you to a specialist like a physiotherapist for treatments. A foot specialist can offer advice like:
- Type of shoe to wear
- Insoles support your feet
- Exercises and stretches
These may not shape or cure flat feet but can help with stiffness and pain.
Flat feet surgery
Surgeries are rare for flat feet. It may help if there is an issue with bones, muscles, or tissues while other treatments have not worked. A doctor may refer you to a surgeon only if they think surgery is the last resort.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 23 JUNE 2022