A common condition known as dandruff causes the scalp’s skin to flake. It is neither severe nor contagious. However, it can be awkward and challenging to treat.
You can use a gentle daily wash to treat mild dandruff. A medicated shampoo might be helpful if that doesn’t help.
Signs and symptoms of dandruff might include:
- You have skin flakes on your shoulders, beard, hair, eyebrows, and scalp
- Scratchy scalp
- Infants with cradle caps have a scaly, crusty scalp
Stress can aggravate the signs and symptoms, which also tend to worsen during the cold, dry months.
The following are some possible causes of dandruff:
- Oily, irritated skin
- Dry skin
- Malassezia, a yeast-like fungus that feeds on oils on most adults’ scalps
- Sensitivity to cosmetics for hair care (contact dermatitis)
- Other skin disorders, like eczema and psoriasis
Although almost anybody can get dandruff,
Some things can increase your risk:
- Age. Dandruff typically starts in adolescence and lasts until middle life. That does not imply that older people do not develop dandruff. The issue may persist forever for some individuals
- More than women, men are more likely to have dandruff
- Certain diseases. Dandruff seems more likely to develop in people with Parkinson’s disease and other nervous system disorders. Additionally, having HIV or a compromised immune system
How to take care of your dandruff
Use an anti-dandruff shampoo. You can purchase a variety of varieties from pharmacies or grocery stores.
Look for a shampoo with one of the following components:
- Zinc pyrithione
- Acid salicylate
- Sulfide of selenium (or selenium sulfide)
- Coke tar
You can learn how to use the shampoo from your pharmacist. Use the shampoo for a month and assess the results for your dandruff. To find a type that works for you, you might need to try a few different ones.
Consult a doctor if;
- You still experience symptoms after using anti-dandruff shampoo for a month
- Your scalp is itchy, or your dandruff is serious
- Your scalp is swollen or red
The doctor might examine your scalp to look for skin disorders that can be the source of your dandruff.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022