Breast cancer in men
Breast cancer in men is rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men. Breast cancer in males can vary depending on the discovery period of the disease.
Breast cancer that is detected early may be treatable.
After cancer has progressed outside the breast, the cure is far less.
Symptoms of breast cancer in men
Symptoms include the following:
- A breast lump, which is often firm, painless, and immobile within the breast
- The nipple drooping
- You may experience a discharge from the nipple, sometimes with a bloody streak.
- Surrounding the breast, persistent discomfort or rash
- The skin around the nipple or on it turning firm, red, or swollen
- Little lumps under the arm (swollen glands)
When to consult a doctor?
Consult a doctor if :
- You have a breast lump
- any more troubling signs, such as breast discharge
- A family history of breast cancer in either men or women
Although it’s improbable that you have cancer, it’s best to have your symptoms evaluated. Your doctor will check your breasts and, if necessary, refer you for breast cancer screenings and tests.
Treating breast cancer in men
Men’s breast cancer treatment varies depending on how far cancer has gone.
Treatment options include:
- Surgery removes some of the glands in your armpit and the damaged breast tissue and nipple (mastectomy).
- There are further treatments, such as tamoxifen and trastuzumab, that help stop breast cancer from spreading (Herceptin)
Male breast cancer is more likely as a result of the following factors:
- Older age. With age comes a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Men in their 60s are most frequently diagnosed with male breast cancer.
- Estrogen exposure Your chance of developing breast cancer rises if you use estrogen-related medications, such as those prescribed for hormone therapy for prostate cancer.
- Family history of breast cancer. You have a higher risk of having breast cancer if a close relative already has the condition.
Reviewed by – Dr. Priyanka, MBBS MD Microbiology
Page last reviewed: 16 JULY 2022